The representation of delayed intentions: a prospective subject-performed task?
Freeman, J. E. and Ellis, J. A. (2003) The representation of delayed intentions: a prospective subject-performed task? Journal of Experimental Psychology-Learning Memory and Cognition, 29 (5). pp. 976-992. ISSN 0278-7393
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1037/0278-73126.96.36.1996
To-be-enacted material is more accessible in tests of recognition and lexical decision than material not intended for action (T. Goschke J. Kuhl, 1993; R. L. Marsh, J. L. Hicks, & M. L. Bink, 1998). This finding has been attributed to the superior status of intention-related information. The current article explores an alternative (action-superiority) account that draws parallels between the intended enactment effect (IEE) and the subject-performed task effect. Using 2 paradigms, the authors observed faster recognition latencies for both enacted and to-be-enacted material. It is crucial to note that there was no evidence of an IEE for items that had already been executed during encoding. The IEE was also eliminated when motor processing was prevented after verbal encoding. These findings suggest an overlap between overt and intended enactment and indicate that motor information may be activated for verbal material in preparation for subsequent execution.