Involuntary inhibition of movement initiation alters oculomotor competition resolution
Cruickshank, A. G. and McSorley, E. (2009) Involuntary inhibition of movement initiation alters oculomotor competition resolution. Experimental Brain Research, 193 (3). pp. 467-476. ISSN 0014-4819
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1007/s00221-008-1645-9
Identifying a stimulus as the target for a goal-directed movement involves inhibiting competing responses. Separable inhibitory interconnections bias local competition to ensure only one stimulus is selected and to alter movement initiation. Behavioural evidence of these inhibitory processes comes from the effects of distracters on oculomotor landing positions and saccade latencies. Here, we investigate the relationship between these two sources of inhibition. Targets were presented with or without close and remote distracters. In separate experiments the possible position and identity of the target and distracters were manipulated. In all cases saccade landing position was found to be less affected by the presence of the close distracter when remote distracters were also present. The involuntary increase in the latency of saccade initiation caused by the presence of the remote distracters alters the state of competitive processes involved in selecting the saccade target thus changing its landing position.