The impact of the stratosphere on the troposphere during the southern hemisphere stratospheric sudden warming, September 2002
Charlton, A. J., O'Neill, A., Lahoz, W. A., Massacand, A. C. and Berrisford, P. (2005) The impact of the stratosphere on the troposphere during the southern hemisphere stratospheric sudden warming, September 2002. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 131 (609). pp. 2171-2188. ISSN 1477-870X
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1256/qj.04.43
Recent research has established that a small but statistically significant link exists between the stratosphere and the troposphere in the northern hemisphere extratropics. In this paper it is shown that a similar link exists between the stratosphere and troposphere during the unprecedented September 2002 sudden warming in the southern hemisphere. Two ensemble forecasts of the stratospheric sudden warming are run which have different stratospheric initial conditions and identical tropospheric initial conditions. Stratospheric initial conditions have an impact on the tropospheric flow at the peak of the major warming (5 days into the run) and on longer time-scales (18 days into the run). The character of this influence is a localized, equatorward shift of the tropospheric storm track. The averaged impact of the change in the position of the storm-track maps strongly onto the Southern Annular Mode structure, but does not have an annular character.