Contribution of the double layer to transient faradaic processes: implications for hydrodynamic modulated voltammetry of nanostructures
Kuleshova, J., Birkin, P. R. and Elliott, J. M. (2010) Contribution of the double layer to transient faradaic processes: implications for hydrodynamic modulated voltammetry of nanostructures. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 114 (32). pp. 13442-13450. ISSN 1932-7447
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1021/jp102308p
The electrochemistry of Pt nanostructured electrodes is investigated using hydrodynamic modulated voltammetry (HMV). Here a liquid crystal templating process is used to produce platinum-modified electrodes with a range of surface areas (roughness factor 42.4-280.8). The electroreduction of molecular oxygen at these nanostructured platinum surfaces is used to demonstrate the ability of HMV to discriminate between faradaic and nonfaradaic electrode reactions. The HMV approach shows that the reduction of molecular oxygen experiences considerable signal loss within the high pseudocapacitive region of the voltammetry. Evidence for the contribution of the double layer to transient mass transfer events is presented. In addition, a model circuit and appropriate theoretical analysis are used to illustrate the transient responses of a time variant faradaic component. This in conjunction with the experimental evidence shows that, far from being a passive component in this system, the double layer can contribute to HMV faradaic reactions under certain conditions.