Cell cycle profiles and expression of p21CIP1 and P27KIP1 during myocyte development
Poolman, R.A., Gilchrist, R. and Brooks, G. (1998) Cell cycle profiles and expression of p21CIP1 and P27KIP1 during myocyte development. International Journal of Cardiology, 67 (1). pp. 133-142. ISSN 0167-5273
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/S0167-5273(98)00320-9
The ability of the cardiac myocyte to divide ceases shortly after birth. Thus, following severe injury, e.g., during myocardial infarction, the mature heart is unable to regenerate new tissue to replace the dead or damaged tissue. The identification of the molecules controlling the cessation of myocyte cell division may lead to therapeutic strategies which aim to re-populate the damaged myocardial area. Hence, we have determined the cell cycle profile, expressions and activities of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CDKIs), p21CIP1 and p27KIP1, during rat ventricular myocyte development. Fluorescent activated cell sorting (FACS) analyses showed the percentage of S phase myocytes to be decreased significantly throughout development, concomitant with a significant increase in the percentage of G0/G1 and G2/M phase cells. The expression of p21CIP1 and p27KIP1 increased significantly throughout cardiac development and complexed differentially with a number of cyclins and CDKs. Furthermore, an adult myocyte extract reduced neonatal myocyte CDK2 kinase activity significantly (>30%, p<0.05) whereas immunodepletion of p21CIP1 from adult lysates restored CDK2 kinase activity. Thus, p21CIP1 and p27KIP1 may be important for the withdrawal of cardiac myocytes from the cell cycle and for maintaining the G0/G1 and G2/M phase blockades.