Role of G1 phase cyclins and cyclin dependent kinases during hypertrophic growth of adult rat cardiomyocytes
Li, J.-M., Poolman, R.A. and Brooks, G. (1998) Role of G1 phase cyclins and cyclin dependent kinases during hypertrophic growth of adult rat cardiomyocytes. American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 275 (3 Part 2). H814-H822. ISSN 0363-6135
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Official URL: http://ajpheart.physiology.org/content/275/3/H814....
Cell cycle regulatory molecules are implicated in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. We have investigated protein expression of cyclins A, D1–3, and E and cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) 2, 4, 5, and 6 in left ventricular (LV) tissues during the development of LV hypertrophy in rats following aortic constriction (AC). Compared with their expression in sham-operated controls (SH), expression of cyclins D2 and D3 and of CDK4 and CDK6 increased significantly fromday 3 to day 21 after AC concomitant with increased LV mass. However, no significant difference was observed for CDK2 or CDK5. Cyclins A, D1, and E were undetectable. In vitro kinase activities of CDK4 and CDK6 increased ∼70% from day 7 to day 14 in AC myocytes compared with SH myocytes (P< 0.03). Fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis revealed a G0/G1to G2/M phase progression in AC myocyte nuclei (22.0 ± 1.1% in G2/M) by day 7 postoperation compared with progression in SH myocyte nuclei (14.0 ± 0.8% in G2/M;P < 0.01). Thus an upregulation of certain cell cycle regulators is associated with cardiomyocyte hypertrophy.