Differential changes in transforming growth factor β isoform expression during postnatal cardiac growth
Haworth, R.S., Brooks, G., Cummins, P., Dobie, K., Chilton, D.C. and Avkiran, M. (1998) Differential changes in transforming growth factor β isoform expression during postnatal cardiac growth. Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 245 (3). pp. 923-927. ISSN 0006-291X
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1006/bbrc.1998.8528
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is synthesised as an inactive precursor protein; this is cleaved to produce the mature peptide and a latency associated protein (LAP), which remains associated with the mature peptide until activation by LAP degradation. Isoform specific antibodies raised against the LAPs for TGF-β2and -β3were used to determine the myocardial levels of LAP (activatable TGF-β) and full length precursor (inactive TGF-β) forms during post-natal development in the rat. TGF-β2was present predominantly as the precursor in 2 day old myocardium. There was an age-dependent shift from precursor protein to LAP between 2 and 28 days. A corresponding increase in the level of mature (activatable) TGF-β2was found. TGF-β3was detected in significant quantities only as LAP. However, a four-fold increase in the expression of TGF-β3LAP was observed between 2 and 28 days. The substantial increases in activatable forms of TGF-β2and -β3that occur in myocardium during the first 28 days of life in the rat support a role for these proteins in post-natal cardiac development.