Expression and activities of cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases in developing rat ventricular myocytes
Brooks, G., Poolman, R.A., McGill, C.J. and Li, J.-M. (1997) Expression and activities of cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases in developing rat ventricular myocytes. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology, 29 (8). pp. 2261-2271. ISSN 0022-2828
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To link to this item DOI: 10.1006/jmcc.1997.0471
The molecular mechanisms responsible for the alterations in proliferative capacity of cardiac myocytes during development remain unknown; however, cell cycle dependent molecules may be involved. We have determined the expression of cyclins A, D1–3and E, and cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) 2, 4, 5 and 6 and cdc2 in freshly isolated rat cardiac myocytes from fetal (18 days gestation), neonatal (2 days post-natal) and adult animals by immunoblotting. Our results show a dramatic decrease in expression of these proteins during normal cardiac development, such that levels are highest in fetal myocytes but are significantly down-regulated in adult cells (P<0.05, in each case). We also have determined thein vitrokinase activities of cdc2, CDK2, CDK4, CDK5 and CDK6 immunocomplexes in fetal, neonatal and adult myocytes. There was a consistent and significant loss of cdc2, CDK2, CDK4 and CDK6 kinase activities in adult cardiac cell lysates (5.3-, 10.6-, 1.5- and 1.9-fold decreases, respectively) when compared to neonatal samples (P<0.05); CDK5 activity showed a similar trend but failed to reach significance. In conclusion, our results show that the expression and activities of various positive regulators of the cell cycle are down-regulated significantly during development of the cardiac myocyte, concomitant with the loss of proliferative capacity in adult myocytes. Down-regulation of these proteins may be pivotal in the withdrawal of the cardiac myocyte from the cell cycle.