Downregulation of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p21 and p27 in pressure-overload hypertrophy
Li, J.-M. and Brooks, G. (1997) Downregulation of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p21 and p27 in pressure-overload hypertrophy. American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 273 (2). H1358-H1367. ISSN 0363-6135
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Official URL: http://ajpheart.physiology.org/content/273/3/H1358...
We postulated that the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p21 and p27 could regulate the alterations in growth potential of cardiomyocytes during left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). LVH was induced in adult rat hearts by aortic constriction (AC) and was monitored at days 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, 21, and 42 postoperation. Relative to sham-operated controls (SH), left ventricle (LV) weight-to-body weight ratio in AC increased progressively with time without significant differences in body weight or right ventricle weight-to-body weight ratio. Atrial natriuretic factor mRNA increased significantly in AC to 287% at day 42 compared with SH (P < 0.05), whereas p21 and p27 mRNA expression in AC rats decreased significantly by 58% (P < 0.03) and 40% (P < 0.05) at day 7, respectively. p21 and p27 protein expression decreased significantly from days 3 to 21 in AC versus SH, concomitant with LV adaptive growth. Immunocytochemistry showed p21 and p27 expression in cardiomyocyte nuclei. Thus downregulation of p21 and p27 may modulate the adaptive growth of cardiomyocytes during pressure overload-induced LVH.