Differential induction of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate sequence gene expression in murine melanocytes and melanoma cells
Brooks, G., Goss, M.W. and Hart, I.R. (1992) Differential induction of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate sequence gene expression in murine melanocytes and melanoma cells. Molecular Carcinogenesis, 5 (4). pp. 328-333. ISSN 0899-1987
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1002/mc.2940050414
We previously showed that growth of the nontumorigenic, immortal murine melanocyte line Mel-ab correlates with the depletion of protein kinase C (PKC), whereas quiescence is associated with elevated levels of this enzyme (Brooks G, et al., Cancer Res 51: 3281–3288, 1991). Here we report responses that occur in these cells downstream of PKC activation or downregulation. We examined induction of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-inducible sequence (TIS) gene expression in Mel-ab melanocytes and in their transformed counterparts, B16 melanoma cells. Exposure of quiescent Mel-ab cells to the PKC-activating phorbol esters TPA or sapintoxin A at 81 nM for 2 h increased levels of mRNA for six of seven TIS genes examined (twofold to 80-fold increase in steady-state RNA levels for TIS 1, 7, 8, 11, 21, and 28 (c-fos); TIS 10 expression was not affected). No induction of 115 gene expression was observed either in growing Mel-ab cells maintained in 324 nM phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate or in B16 cells previously unexposed to phorbol esters, in which normal PKC levels were endogenously depressed. The cAMP-elevating agents choleratoxin (10 nM) and dibutyryl cyclic AMP (2.5 mM) increased levels of TIS mRNA (with the exception of TIS 10) in both proliferating Mel-ab and B16 cells, suggesting that downregulation of the PKC pathway is specific and not a consequence of a general inhibition of all signalling pathways.