Grimmond, C.S.B., Blackett, M., Best, M. J., Barlow, J., Baik, J.-J., Belcher, S. E., Bohnenstengel, S. I., Calmet, I., Chen, F., Dandou, A., Fortuniak, K., Gouvea, M. L., Hamdi, R., Hendry, M., Kawai, T., Kawamoto, Y., Kondo, H., Krayenhoff, E. S., Lee, S.-H., Loridan, T., Martilli, A., Masson, V., Miao, S., Oleson, K., Pigeon, G., Porson, A., Ryu, Y.-H., Salamanca, F., Shashua-Bar, L., Steeneveld, G.-J., Tombrou, M., Voogt, J., Young, D. and Zhang, N.
The International Urban Energy Balance Models Comparison Project: First Results from Phase 1.
Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 49 (6).
To link to this article DOI: 10.1175/2010JAMC2354.1
A large number of urban surface energy balance models now exist with different assumptions about the
important features of the surface and exchange processes that need to be incorporated. To date, no com-
parison of these models has been conducted; in contrast, models for natural surfaces have been compared
extensively as part of the Project for Intercomparison of Land-surface Parameterization Schemes. Here, the
methods and ﬁrst results from an extensive international comparison of 33 models are presented. The aim of
the comparison overall is to understand the complexity required to model energy and water exchanges in
urban areas. The degree of complexity included in the models is outlined and impacts on model performance
are discussed. During the comparison there have been signiﬁcant developments in the models with resulting
improvements in performance (root-mean-square error falling by up to two-thirds). Evaluation is based on a
dataset containing net all-wave radiation, sensible heat, and latent heat ﬂux observations for an industrial area in
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The aim of the comparison is twofold: to identify those modeling ap-
proaches that minimize the errors in the simulated ﬂuxes of the urban energy balance and to determine the
degree of model complexity required for accurate simulations. There is evidence that some classes of models
perform better for individual ﬂuxes but no model performs best or worst for all ﬂuxes. In general, the simpler
models perform as well as the more complex models based on all statistical measures. Generally the schemes
have best overall capability to model net all-wave radiation and least capability to model latent heat ﬂux.
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Department of Meteorology|
|Publisher:||American Meteorological Society|
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|EPSRC||The Development of a Local Urban Climate Model and its Application to the Intelligent Development of Cities (LUCID) 16/1/8 Subcontract with ARUP rev A signed by AC, sent to ARUP (internal code: H5009500 sponsor code: EP/E016448/1)|
|Date Deposited:||13 Jan 2011 10:00|
|Last Modified:||08 Jun 2015 10:00|
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