A new interpretation of the bonding properties and UV–vis spectra of [M3(CO)12] clusters (M = Ru, Os): a TD-DFT study
Calhorda, M. J., Costa, P. J., Hartl, F. and Vergeer, F. W. (2005) A new interpretation of the bonding properties and UV–vis spectra of [M3(CO)12] clusters (M = Ru, Os): a TD-DFT study. Comptes Rendus Chimie, 8 (9-10). pp. 1477-1486. ISSN 1631-0748 (special issue 'Green and sustainable chemistry')
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.crci.2004.07.006
DFT and TD-DFT calculations (ADF program) were performed in order to analyze the electronic structure of the [M-3(CO)(12)] clusters (M = Ru, Os) and interpret their electronic spectra. The highest occupied molecular orbitals are M-M bonding (sigma) involving different M-M bonds, both for Ru and Os. They participate in low-energy excitation processes and their depopulation should weaken M-M bonds in general. While the LUMO is M-NI and M-CO anti-bonding (sigma*), the next, higher-lying empty orbitals have a main contribution from CO (pi*) and either a small (Ru) or an almost negligible one (Os) from the metal atoms. The main difference between the two clusters comes from the different nature of these low-energy unoccupied orbitals that have a larger metal contribution in the case of ruthenium. The photochemical reactivity of the two clusters is reexamined and compared to earlier interpretations.