IsdA protects Staphylococcus aureus against the bactericidal protease activity of apolactoferrin
Clarke, S. R. and Foster, S. J. (2008) IsdA protects Staphylococcus aureus against the bactericidal protease activity of apolactoferrin. Infection and Immunity, 76 (4). pp. 1518-1526. ISSN 0019-9567
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1128/IAI.01530-07
An important facet of the Staphylococcus aureus host-pathogen interaction is the ability of the invading bacterium to evade host innate defenses, particularly the cocktail of host antimicrobial peptides. In this work, we showed that IsdA, a surface protein of S. aureus which is required for nasal colonization, binds to lactoferrin, the most abundant antistaphylococcal polypeptide in human nasal secretions. The presence of IsdA on the surface of S. aureus confers resistance to killing by lactoferrin. In addition, the bactericidal activity of lactoferrin was inhibited by addition of phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride, implicating the serine protease activity of lactoferrin in the killing of S. aureus. Recombinant IsdA was a competitive inhibitor of lactoferrin protease activity. Reciprocally, antibody reactive to IsdA enhanced killing of S. aureus. Thus, IsdA can protect S. aureus against lactoferrin and acts as a protease inhibitor.