Correlation between regioselectivity and site charge in propene polymerisation catalysed by metallocene
Liu, Y., Liu, Y. and Drew, M. G. B. (2010) Correlation between regioselectivity and site charge in propene polymerisation catalysed by metallocene. Structural Chemistry, 21 (1). pp. 21-28. ISSN 1040-0400
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1007/s11224-009-9519-8
The reactions of propene with [Zr(cyclopentadienyl)(2)Me](+) have been investigated using density functional theory in order to study the correlation between regioselectivity and site charge in propene polymerisation. The reaction paths of the 1,2 and 2,1 additions of the methyl group to propene have been established. The geometries and energies of the reactants, transition states and products have been obtained using both PBEPBE/LANL2DZ and B3LYP/LANL2DZ methodologies. The results with both density functionals show that the activation energy for 1,2-insertion is lower than that for 2,1-insertion (Fig. 5) and this is consistent with the experiment results. Also for both density functionals, the difference of the thermal dynamic driving forces between the 2,1 product named 2-21 and the 1,2 product named 2-12 is significantly lower than the difference between the energy barriers. It is noted that in the reactants, the Mulliken partial charge on the central carbon atom C2 is positive and it can be concluded that 1,2-insertion is favoured because it can proceed via a cationic reaction.