Hedging private international real estate
Johnson, R., Lizieri, C., Soenen, L. and Worzala, E. M., (2005) Hedging private international real estate. Working Papers in Real Estate & Planning. 01/05. Working Paper. University of Reading, Reading. pp23.
The performance of an international real estate investment can be critically affected by currency fluctuations. While survey work suggests large international investors with multi-asset portfolios tend to hedge their overall currency exposure at portfolio level, smaller and specialist investors are more likely to hedge individual investments and face considerable specific risk. This presents particular problems in direct real estate investment due to the lengthy holding period. Prior research investigating the issue relies on ex post portfolio measure, understating the risk faced. This paper examines individual risk using a forward-looking simulation approach to model uncertain cashflow. The results suggest that a US investor can greatly reduce the downside currency risk inherent in UK real estate by using a swap structure – but at the expense of dampening upside potential.