Radicals from the atmospheric pressure pyrolysis and oxidative pyrolysis of hydroquinone, catechol, and phenol
Adounkpe, J., Khachatryan, L., Dellinger, B. and Ghosh, M. (2009) Radicals from the atmospheric pressure pyrolysis and oxidative pyrolysis of hydroquinone, catechol, and phenol. Energy and Fuels, 23 (3). pp. 1551-1554. ISSN 0887-0624
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1021/ef801055h
The burning of tobacco creates various types of free radicals that have been reported to be biologically active. Some radicals are transient but can initiate catalytic cycles that generate other free radicals. Other radicals are environmentally persistent and can exist in total particulate matter (TPM) for extended periods. In spite of their importance, little is known concerning the precursors of these radicals or under what pyrolysis/combustion conditions they are formed. We performed studies of the formation of radicals from the gas-phase pyrolysis and oxidative pyrolysis of hydroquinone (HQ) and catechol (CT) between 750 and 1000 °C and phenol from 500 to 1000 °C. The initial electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra were complex, indicating the presence of multiple radicals. Using matrix annealing and microwave power saturation techniques, phenoxyl, cyclopentadienyl, and peroxyl radicals were identifiable, but only cyclopentadienyl radicals were stable above 750 °C.