Steric stabilisation of the P_P bond in a bulky tetraorganodiphosphine: synthesis, characterisation and X-ray structure determination of tetrakis(2,4,6-triisopropylphenyl)diphosphine
Brady, F. J., Cardin, C. J., Cardin, D. J. and Wilcock, D. J. (2000) Steric stabilisation of the P_P bond in a bulky tetraorganodiphosphine: synthesis, characterisation and X-ray structure determination of tetrakis(2,4,6-triisopropylphenyl)diphosphine. Inorganica Chimica Acta, 298 (1). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0020-1693
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/S0020-1693(99)00343-6
We report the synthesis and characterisation of tetrakis(2,4,6-triisopropylphenyl)diphosphine. Synthesis is effected by the treatment of PCl3 with an excess of 2,4,6-triisopropylphenyllithium (or the equivalent Grignard reagent) in 70% yield. While under normal circumstances the triarylphosphine would be expected, excessive bulk prevents this, and the resulting diphosphine is, unusually, stable to PP cleavage by further organolithium moieties. The compound is stable, both thermally (m.p. 185°C) and to air and water in the solid state, although conversion to the equivalent diorganophosphinate ester is effected by boiling ethanolic solutions in air. Crystallisation from hexane/ethanol afforded pale yellow crystals of X-ray quality. The molecule is characterised by m.p., IR, NMR, elemental analysis (C, H, P) and MS. The X-ray structure shows an antiperiplanar conformation with a PP separation of 2.2461(16) Å. Comparisons are made with other diphosphines, the title compound being only the fourth simple diphosphine to be structurally characterised.