A hydrogen-1 nuclear magnetic resonance, mass spectral and extended Hückel study of some olefin complexes of rhodium(I) and iridium(I) and the crystal and molecular structure of η4-2,4-dimethylpenta-1,4-diene(η5-formylcyclopentadienyl)rhodium(I)
Arthurs, M., Karodia, H., Sedgwick, M., Morton-Blake, D. A., Cardin, C. J. and Parge, H. (1985) A hydrogen-1 nuclear magnetic resonance, mass spectral and extended Hückel study of some olefin complexes of rhodium(I) and iridium(I) and the crystal and molecular structure of η4-2,4-dimethylpenta-1,4-diene(η5-formylcyclopentadienyl)rhodium(I). Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, 291 (2). pp. 231-251. ISSN 0022-328X
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/0022-328X(85)80172-8
A 1H NMR study of monosubstituted η-cyclopentadienyl-rhodium(I) complexes of type LLRh(C5H4X) and -iridium(I) complexes of type L2Ir(C5H4X) (L = ethene, LL = 1,3- or 1,5-diolefin; X = C(C6H5)3, CHO, or COOCH3) has been carried out. For complexes of both metals in which the neutral ligand is ethene or a non-conjugated diolefin the NMR spectra of the cyclopentadienyl protons are unusual in that H(2), H(5) resonate to high field either at room temperature or below. The corresponding NMR spectra for the cyclopentadienyl ring protons of complexes where the neutral ligand is a conjugated diene are, with one exception, normal. A single crystal X-ray structural analysis of (η4-2,4-dimethylpenta-1,4-diene)(η5-formylcyclopentadienyl)rhodium(I) (which exhibits an abnormal 1H NMR spectrum) reveals substantial localisation of electron density in the C(3)C(4) Cp ring bond (1.283(33) Å) which may be consistent with a contribution from an ‘allyl-ene’ rotamer to the ring—metal bonding scheme. An extended Hückel calculation with self consistent charge iteration was performed on this complex. The results predict a greater Mulliken overlap population for the C(3)C(4) bond in the cyclopentadienyl ring and show that the localisation is dependent on both the Cp ring substituent and the nature of the diolefin. The mass spectral fragmentation patterns of some representative diene complexes of iridium(I) and rhodium(I) are presented.