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Stepwise construction of [Os6(CO)18(μ6-P)]-, a hexanuclear osmium cluster monoanion with trigonal-prismatic co-ordination for phosphorus: X-ray crystal structures of [Os6(μ-H)2(CO)20(MeCN)(μ3-PH)] and [PPh3Me][Os6(CO)18(μ6-P)]

Colbran, S. B., Lahoz, F. J., Raithby, P. R., Lewis, J., Johnson, B. F. G. and Cardin, C. J. (1988) Stepwise construction of [Os6(CO)18(μ6-P)]-, a hexanuclear osmium cluster monoanion with trigonal-prismatic co-ordination for phosphorus: X-ray crystal structures of [Os6(μ-H)2(CO)20(MeCN)(μ3-PH)] and [PPh3Me][Os6(CO)18(μ6-P)]. Journal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions (1). pp. 173-181. ISSN 1364-5447

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To link to this article DOI: 10.1039/DT9880000173

Abstract/Summary

Treatment of the labile cluster [Os3(CO)11(MeCN)] with PH3 affords the substituted product [Os3(CO)11(PH3)](1) in high yield. Subsequent reaction of (1) with Na2CO3 in MeOH, followed by acidification, gives the hydrido phosphido cluster [Os3(µ-H)(CO)10(µ-PH2)](2). When (2) is heated to 45–60 °C in the presence of [Os3(CO)11(MeCN)] a hexanuclear complex with the formulation [Os6(µ-H)2(CO)21(µ3-PH)](3) is obtained. If this reaction is repeated using [Os3(CO)10(MeCN)2] instead of [Os3(CO)11(MeCN)], an acetonitrile-containing product, [Os6(µ-H)2(CO)20(MeCN)(µ3-PH)](4), is obtained. An X-ray analysis of (4) shows that two Os3 triangular units are linked by a µ3-phosphinidene ligand, which symmetrically bridges an Os–Os edge of one triangle and is terminally co-ordinated to one Os atom of the second triangle. When (3) is treated with a weak base, such as [N(PPh3)2]Cl or [PPh3Me] Br, deprotonation to the corresponding cluster monoanion [Os6(µ-H)(CO)21(µ3-PH)]–(5) occurs. Treatment of (5) with a weak acid regenerates (3) in quantitative yield. Thermolysis of (3) leads to a closing up of the metal framework, affording the cluster [Os6(µ-H)(CO)18(µ6-P)], which readily deprotonates to give the anion [Os6(CO)18(µ6-P)]–(7) in the presence of [N(PPh3)2] Cl or [PPh3Me]Br. The same anion (7) may also be obtained by direct thermolysis of (5). An X-ray analysis of the [PPh3Me]+ salt of (7) confirms that the phosphorus occupies an interstitial site in a trigonal-prismatic hexaosmium framework, and co-ordinates to all six metal atoms with an average Os–P distance of 2.31 (1)Å. Proton and 31P n.m.r. data on all the new clusters are presented, and the position of the phosphorus resonance in the 31P n.m.r. spectrum is related to the changes in the environment of the phosphorus atom.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:23919
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry

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