Ideology and the by-passing of the planning system: case studies of Canary Wharf, London and The Globe, Stockholm
Thornley, A., (1993) Ideology and the by-passing of the planning system: case studies of Canary Wharf, London and The Globe, Stockholm. Working Papers in Land Management & Development. 04/93. Working Paper. University of Reading, Reading. pp22.
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This paper explores the relationship between political ideology and planning in Britain and Sweden, with particular emphasis on the by-passing of the planning system. The prevailing ideology in each country over the last ten years is outlined and the impact on planning identified. The argument is then given in greater depth through case studies of two major projects. For Britain, this involves setting out the main features of Thatcherism and the way that this has changed the purposes underlying planning and created a diversified planning system. This is followed by a case study of Canary Wharf. For Sweden, the consensus culture and the emphasis on participation and decentralisation are discussed. The new planning legislation of 1987 is outlined. These aspects are then contrasted with the fiscal crisis and the development of 'negotiation planning'. These themes are illustrated by a case study of the Globe in Stockholm.