Economic and political influences on urban planning: a comparison of London, Paris and Berlin
Newman, P. and Thornley, A., (1994) Economic and political influences on urban planning: a comparison of London, Paris and Berlin. Working Papers in Land Management & Development. 20/94. Working Paper. University of Reading, Reading. pp29.
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This paper addressed the degree of autonomy experienced by the planning regimes of London, Paris and Berlin. What variation exists in the governance of these cities and how do national, local, political, business and community interests effect planning decisions? The discussion is placed in the context of the literature on world cities and growth coalitions and the debate over whether economic forces compel cities to follow similar strategies. The paper concludes that in the case of the three cities examined there is considerable variation of planning approach due to different historical, cultural and political factors.