Direct Computation of Stochastic Flow in Reservoirs with Uncertain Parameters
Dainton, M.P., Goldwater, M.H. and Nichols, N. (1997) Direct Computation of Stochastic Flow in Reservoirs with Uncertain Parameters. Journal of Computational Physics, 130 (2). p. 203. ISSN 0021-9991
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1006/jcph.1996.5578
A direct method is presented for determining the uncertainty in reservoir pressure, flow, and net present value (NPV) using the time-dependent, one phase, two- or three-dimensional equations of flow through a porous medium. The uncertainty in the solution is modelled as a probability distribution function and is computed from given statistical data for input parameters such as permeability. The method generates an expansion for the mean of the pressure about a deterministic solution to the system equations using a perturbation to the mean of the input parameters. Hierarchical equations that define approximations to the mean solution at each point and to the field covariance of the pressure are developed and solved numerically. The procedure is then used to find the statistics of the flow and the risked value of the field, defined by the NPV, for a given development scenario. This method involves only one (albeit complicated) solution of the equations and contrasts with the more usual Monte-Carlo approach where many such solutions are required. The procedure is applied easily to other physical systems modelled by linear or nonlinear partial differential equations with uncertain data.