How have M&As changed? Evidence from the sixth merger wave
Alexandridis, G., Mavrovitis, C. F. and Travlos, N. G. (2012) How have M&As changed? Evidence from the sixth merger wave. European Journal of Finance, 18 (8). pp. 663-688. ISSN 1466-4364
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1080/1351847X.2011.628401
We examine the characteristics of the sixth merger wave that started in 2003 and came to an end approximately in late 2007. The drivers of this wave lie primarily in the availability of abundant liquidity, in line with neoclassical explanations of merger waves. Acquirers were less overvalued relative to targets, and merger proposals comprised higher cash elements. Moreover, the market for corporate control was less competitive, acquirers were less acquisitive, managers displayed less over-optimism and offers involved significantly lower premiums, indicating more cautious and rational acquisition decisions. Strikingly, however, deals destroyed at least as much value for acquiring shareholders as in the 1990s.