Estimation of the friction velocity in stably stratified boundary-layer flows over hills
Argaín, J. L., Miranda, P. M. A. and Teixeira, M. A. C. (2009) Estimation of the friction velocity in stably stratified boundary-layer flows over hills. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 130 (1). pp. 15-28. ISSN 1573-1472
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1007/s10546-008-9329-3
A method is suggested for the calculation of the friction velocity for stable turbulent boundary-layer flow over hills. The method is tested using a continuous upstream mean velocity profile compatible with the propagation of gravity waves, and is incorporated into the linear model of Hunt, Leibovich and Richards with the modification proposed by Hunt, Richards and Brighton to include the effects of stability, and the reformulated solution of Weng for the near-surface region. Those theoretical results are compared with results from simulations using a non-hydrostatic microscale-mesoscale two-dimensional numerical model, and with field observations for different values of stability. These comparisons show a considerable improvement in the behaviour of the theoretical model when the friction velocity is calculated using the method proposed here, leading to a consistent variation of the boundary-layer structure with stability, and better agreement with observational and numerical data.