Near-infrared water vapour self-continuum at close to room temperature
Ptashnik, I.V., Petrova, T.M., Ponomarev, Y.N., Shine, K.P., Solodov, A.A. and Solodov, A.M. (2013) Near-infrared water vapour self-continuum at close to room temperature. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer, 120. pp. 23-35. ISSN 0022-4073
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2013.02.016
The gaseous absorption of solar radiation within near-infrared atmospheric windows in the Earth's atmosphere is dominated by the water vapour continuum. Recent measurements by Baranov et al. (2011)  in 2500 cm−1 (4 μm) window and by Ptashnik et al. (2011)  in a few near-infrared windows revealed that the self-continuum absorption is typically an order of magnitude stronger than given by the MT_CKD continuum model prior to version 2.5. Most of these measurements, however, were made at elevated temperatures, which makes their application to atmospheric conditions difficult. Here we report new laboratory measurements of the self-continuum absorption at 289 and 318 K in the near-infrared spectral region 1300–8000 cm−1, using a multipass 30 m base cell with total optical path 612 m. Our results confirm the main conclusions of the previous measurements both within bands and in windows. Of particular note is that we present what we believe to be the first near-room temperature measurement using Fourier Transform Spectrometry of the self-continuum in the 6200 cm−1 (1.6 μm) window, which provides tentative evidence that, at such temperatures, the water vapour continuum absorption may be as strong as it is in 2.1 μm and 4 μm windows and up to 2 orders of magnitude stronger than the MT_CKD-2.5 continuum. We note that alternative methods of measuring the continuum in this window have yielded widely differing assessment of its strength, which emphasises the need for further measurements.