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Genetic evidence for a predominant role of PI3Kβ catalytic activity in ITAM- and integrin-mediated signaling in platelets.

Canobbio, I., Stefanini, L., Cipolla, L., Ciraolo, E., Gruppi, C., Balduini, C., Hirsch, E. and Torti, M. (2009) Genetic evidence for a predominant role of PI3Kβ catalytic activity in ITAM- and integrin-mediated signaling in platelets. Blood, 114 (10). pp. 2193-2196. ISSN 1528-0020

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1182/blood-2009-03-208074

Abstract/Summary

Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) isoforms PI3Kbeta and PI3Kgamma are implicated in platelet adhesion, activation, and aggregation, but their relative contribution is still unclear or controversial. Here, we report the first comparative functional analysis of platelets from mice expressing a catalytically inactive form of PI3Kbeta or PI3Kgamma. We demonstrate that both isoforms were similarly required for maximal activation of the small GTPase Rap1b and for complete platelet aggregation upon stimulation of G protein-coupled receptors for adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP) or U46619. Their contribution to these events, however, was largely redundant and dispensable. However, PI3Kbeta, but not PI3Kgamma, enzymatic activity was absolutely required for Akt phosphorylation, Rap1 activation, and platelet aggregation downstream of the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM)-bearing receptor glycoprotein VI (GPVI). Moreover, PI3Kbeta was a major essential regulator of platelet adhesion to fibrinogen and of integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3)-mediated spreading. These results provide genetic evidence for a crucial and selective role of PI3Kbeta in signaling through GPVI and integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3).

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:No Reading authors. Back catalogue items
Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Institute for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research (ICMR)
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Biomedical Sciences
ID Code:33144
Uncontrolled Keywords:platelets, PI3K, ITAM, thrombosis, haemostasis
Publisher:American Society of Hematology

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