Continuous sky view factor maps from high resolution urban digital elevation models
Lindberg, F. and Grimmond, C. S. B. (2010) Continuous sky view factor maps from high resolution urban digital elevation models. Climate Research, 42 (3). pp. 177-183. ISSN 0936-577X
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To link to this article DOI: 10.3354/cr00882
This paper presents a new method to calculate sky view factors (SVFs) from high resolution urban digital elevation models using a shadow casting algorithm. By utilizing weighted annuli to derive SVF from hemispherical images, the distance light source positions can be predefined and uniformly spread over the whole hemisphere, whereas another method applies a random set of light source positions with a cosine-weighted distribution of sun altitude angles. The 2 methods have similar results based on a large number of SVF images. However, when comparing variations at pixel level between an image generated using the new method presented in this paper with the image from the random method, anisotropic patterns occur. The absolute mean difference between the 2 methods is 0.002 ranging up to 0.040. The maximum difference can be as much as 0.122. Since SVF is a geometrically derived parameter, the anisotropic errors created by the random method must be considered as significant.