An intercomparison of the climates simulated by 14 atmospheric general circulation models
Boer, G. J., Arpe, K., Blackburn, M., Déqué, M., Gates, W. L., Hart, T. L., le Treut, H., Roeckner, E., Sheinin, D. A., Simmonds, I., Smith, R. N. B., Tokioka, T., Wetherald, R. T. and Williamson, D., (1991) An intercomparison of the climates simulated by 14 atmospheric general circulation models. WCRP Report 58, WMO/TD-. 425. Report. World Meteorological Organisation, Geneva. pp165.
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Climatological information from fourteen atmospheric general circulation models is presented and compared in order to assess the ability of a broad group of models to simulate current climate. The quantities considered are cross sections of temperature, zonal wind and meridional stream function together with latitudinal distributions of mean sea-level pressure and precipitation rate. The nature of the deficiencies in the simulated climates that are common to all models and those which differ among models is investigated, general improvement in the ability of models to simulate certain aspects of the climate is shown, consideration is given to the effect of increasing resolution on simulated climate and approaches to the understanding and reduction of model deficiencies are discussed.