Analytical and numerical solutions describing the inward solidification of a binary melt
Feltham, D.L. and Garside, J. (2001) Analytical and numerical solutions describing the inward solidification of a binary melt. Chemical Engineering Science, 56 (7). pp. 2357-2370. ISSN 0009-2509
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/S0009-2509(00)00440-1
We present a mathematical model describing the inward solidification of a slab, a circular cylinder and a sphere of binary melt kept below its equilibrium freezing temperature. The thermal and physical properties of the melt and solid are assumed to be identical. An asymptotic method, valid in the limit of large Stefan number is used to decompose the moving boundary problem for a pure substance into a hierarchy of fixed-domain diffusion problems. Approximate, analytical solutions are derived for the inward solidification of a slab and a sphere of a binary melt which are compared with numerical solutions of the unapproximated system. The solutions are found to agree within the appropriate asymptotic regime of large Stefan number and small time. Numerical solutions are used to demonstrate the dependence of the solidification process upon the level of impurity and other parameters. We conclude with a discussion of the solutions obtained, their stability and possible extensions and refinements of our study.