Method of determining a geophysical-scale sea ice rheology from laboratory measurements
Feltham, D. L., Sammonds, P. R. and Hatton, D. (2003) Method of determining a geophysical-scale sea ice rheology from laboratory measurements. In: Proceedings of the 16th IAHR International Symposium on Ice 2002, unknown, unknown.
We present a methodology that allows a sea ice rheology, suitable for use in a General Circulation Model (GCM), to be determined from laboratory and tank experiments on sea ice when combined with a kinematic model of deformation. The laboratory experiments determine a material rheology for sea ice, and would investigate a nonlinear friction law of the form τ ∝ σ n⅔, instead of the more familiar Amonton's law, τ = μσn (τ is the shear stress, μ is the coefficient of friction and σ n is the normal stress). The modelling approach considers a representative region R containing ice floes (or floe aggregates), separated by flaws. The deformation of R is imposed and the motion of the floes determined using a kinematic model, which will be motivated from SAR observations. Deformation of the flaws is inferred from the floe motion and stress determined from the material rheology. The stress over R is then determined from the area-weighted contribution from flaws and floes