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Urban integrated meteorological observations: practice and experience in Shanghai, China

Tan, J., Yang, L., Grimmond, C. S. B., Shi, J., Gu, W., Chang, Y., Hu, P., Sun, J., Ao, X. and Han, Z. (2015) Urban integrated meteorological observations: practice and experience in Shanghai, China. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96 (1). pp. 85-102. ISSN 0003-0007

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To link to this article DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00216.1

Abstract/Summary

Observations of atmospheric conditions and processes in citiesare fundamental to understanding the interactions between the urban surface and weather/climate, improving the performance of urban weather, air quality and climate models, and providing key information for city end-users (e.g. decision-makers, stakeholders, public). In this paper, Shanghai's urban integrated meteorological observation network (SUIMON) and some examples of intended applications are introduced. Its characteristics include being: multi- purpose (e.g. forecast, research, service), multi-function (high impact weather, city climate, special end-users), multi-scale (e.g. macro/meso-, urban-, neighborhood, street canyon), multi-variable (e.g. thermal, dynamic, chemical, bio-meteorological, ecological), and multi- platform (e.g. radar, wind profiler, ground-based, satellite based, in-situ observation/ sampling). Underlying SUIMON is a data management system to facilitate exchange of data and information. The overall aim of the network is to improve coordination strategies and instruments; to identify data gaps based on science and user driven requirements; and to intelligently combine observations from a variety of platforms by using a data assimilation system that is tuned to produce the best estimate of the current state of the urban atmosphere.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:37720
Uncontrolled Keywords:urban observations, urban meteorology, urban boundary layer, urban environment, Shanghai
Publisher:American Meteorological Society

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