Opportunities for magnetospheric research using EISCAT/ESR and CLUSTER
Lockwood, M. and Opgenoorth, H.J. (1995) Opportunities for magnetospheric research using EISCAT/ESR and CLUSTER. Journal of Geomagnetism and Geoelectricity, 47 (8). pp. 699-721. ISSN 0022-1392
The four Cluster spacecraft offer a unique opportunity to study structure and dynamics in the magnetosphere and we discuss four general ways in which ground-based remote-sensing observations of the ionosphere can be used to support the in-situ measurements. The ionosphere over the Svalbard islands will be studied in particular detail, not only by the ESR and EISCAT incoherent scatter radars, but also by optical instruments, magnetometers, imaging riometers and the CUTLASS bistatic HF radar. We present an on-line procedure to plan coordinated measurements by the Cluster spacecraft with these combined ground-based systems. We illustrate the philosophy of the method, using two important examples of the many possible configurations between the Cluster satellites and the ground-based instruments.