Sondrestrom and EISCAT radar observations of poleward-moving auroral forms
Robinson, R.M., Clauer, C.R., De La Beaujardiere, O., Kelly, J.D., Friis-christensen, E. and Lockwood, M. (1990) Sondrestrom and EISCAT radar observations of poleward-moving auroral forms. Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics, 52 (6-8). pp. 411-420. ISSN 00219169
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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/0021-9169(90)90040-T
During many magnetospheric substorms, the auroral oval near midnight is observed to expand poleward in association with strong negative perturbations measured by local ground magnetometers. We show Sondrestrom and EISCAT incoherent scatter radar measurements during three such events. In each of the events, enhanced ionization produced by the precipitation moved northward by several degrees of latitude within 10–20 min. The electric fields measured during the three events were significantly different. In one event the electric field was southward everywhere within the precipitation region. In the other two events a reversal in the meridional component of the field was observed. In one case the reversal occurred within the precipitation region, while in the other case the reversal was at the poleward boundary of the precipitation. The westward electrojet that produces the negative H-perturbation in the ground magnetic field has Hall and Pedersen components to varying degrees. In one case the Hall component was eastward and the Pedersen component was westward, but the net magnetic H-deflection on the ground was negative. Simultaneous EISCAT measurements made near the dawn meridian during one of the events show that the polar cap boundary moved northward at the same time as the aurora expanded northward at Sondrestrom. Most of the differences in the electrodynamic configuration in the three events can be accounted for in terms of the location at which the measurements were made relative to the center of the auroral bulge.