Anticipatory engineering: anticipation in sensory-motor systems of human
Hayashi, Y., Blake, J. and Nasuto, S. (2015) Anticipatory engineering: anticipation in sensory-motor systems of human. In: Anticipation Across Disciplines. Cognitive Systems Monographs. Springer. ISBN 9783319225982 (In Press)
In visual tracking experiments, distributions of the relative phase be-tween target and tracer showed positive relative phase indicating that the tracer precedes the target position. We found a mode transition from the reactive to anticipatory mode. The proposed integrated model provides a framework to understand the antici-patory behaviour of human, focusing on the integration of visual and soma-tosensory information. The time delays in visual processing and somatosensory feedback are explicitly treated in the simultaneous differential equations. The anticipatory behaviour observed in the visual tracking experiments can be ex-plained by the feedforward term of target velocity, internal dynamics, and time delay in somatosensory feedback.