Strategy clusters and sources of knowledge in French L2 listening comprehension
Graham, S. J., Santos, D. and Vanderplank, R. (2010) Strategy clusters and sources of knowledge in French L2 listening comprehension. Innovation in Language Learning and Teaching, 4 (1). pp. 1-20. ISSN 1750-1229
To link to this article DOI: 10.1080/17501220802385866
This article reports on an exploratory investigation into the listening strategies of lower-intermediate learners of French as an L2, including the sources of knowledge they employed in order to comprehend spoken French. Data from 14 learners were analysed to investigate whether employment of strategies in general and sources of knowledge in particular varied according to the underlying linguistic knowledge of the student. While low linguistic knowledge learners were less likely to deploy effectively certain strategies or strategy clusters, high linguistic knowledge levels were not always associated with effective strategy use. Similarly, while there was an association between linguistic knowledge and learners’ ability to draw on more than one source of knowledge in a facilitative manner, there was also evidence that learners tended to over-rely on linguistic knowledge where other sources, such as world knowledge, would have proved facilitative. We conclude by arguing for a fresh approach to listening pedagogy and research, including strategy instruction, bottom-up skill development and a consideration of the role of linguistic knowledge in strategy use.
• Authentik en français. 2001. Mars/avril. Dublin, Ireland: Trinity College. • Baker, L. 1996. Social influence on metacognitive development in reading. In Reading comprehension difficulties, ed. C. Cornoldi and J. Oakhill, 331-51. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. • Berne, J. 2004. Listening comprehension strategies: A review of the literature. Foreign Language Annals 37, no. 4: 521-33. • Bonk, W.J. 2000. Second language lexical knowledge and listening comprehension. International Journal of Listening Comprehension 14: 14-31. • Buck, G. 2001. Assessing listening. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. • Carrell, P.L., and J.C. Eisterhold. 1983. Schema theory and ESL reading pedagogy. TESOL Quarterly 7: 553-73. • Chambers, G. 1996. Listening, why? How? Language Learning Journal 14: 23-7. • Field, J. 2004. An insight into listeners’ problems: Too much bottom-up or too much topdown? System 32, no. 3: 363-77. • Goh, C.C.M. 2002. Exploring listening comprehension tactics and their interaction patterns. System 30, no. 2: 185-206. • Graham, S. 2006. Listening comprehension: The learners’ perspective. System 34, no. 2: 165- 82. • Graham, S., E. Macaro, and R. Vanderplank. 2005. The treachery of prior knowledge in L2 listening comprehension. Paper presented at the 14th World Congress of the Association Internationale de Linguistique Applique´e, University of Wisconsin, July 2005, in Madison, USA. • Laviosa, F. 2000. The listening comprehension processes and strategies of learners of Italian: A case study. Rassegna Italiana di Linguistica Applicata 2: 129-59. • Long, D. 1990. What you don’t know can’t help you. An exploratory study of background knowledge and second language listening comprehension. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 12, no. 1: 65-80. • Macaro, E. 2006. Strategies for language learning and for language use: Revising the theoretical framework. The Modern Language Journal 90: 320-37. • Macaro, E., S. Graham, and R. Vanderplank. 2007. A review of listening strategies: Focus on sources of knowledge and on success. In Language learner strategies: 30 years of research and practice, ed. A.D. Cohen and E. Macaro, 165-85. Oxford: Oxford University Press. • Markham, P., and M. Latham. 1987. The influence of religion-specific background knowledge on the listening comprehension of adult second-language students. Language Learning 37, no. 2: 157-70. • Meara, P.M., and J.L. Milton. 2003. XLex: Swansea vocabulary levels test (Version 2.02) [Computer software]. Swansea, UK: Lognostics. • Mecartty, F.H. 2000. Lexical and grammatical knowledge in reading and listening comprehension by foreign language learners of Spanish. Applied Language Learning 11, no. 2: 323-48. • Mendelsohn, D.J. 1994. Learning to listen. San Diego, CA: Dominie Press. • O’Malley, J.M., and A.U. Chamot. 1990. Learning strategies in second language acquisition. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. • O’Malley, J.M., A.U. Chamot, and L. Ku¨pper. 1989. Listening comprehension strategies in second language acquisition. Applied Linguistics 10, no. 4: 418-37. • Pillette, M., and S. Graham. 2000. Objectif Bac 2. London: Collins Educational. • Rost, M. 2002. Teaching and researching listening. Harlow, England: Longman. • Rubin, J. 1994. A review of second language listening comprehension research. The Modern Language Journal 78: 199-221. • Santos, D., S. Graham, and R. Vanderplank. 2008. Second language listening strategy • research: Methodological challenges and perspectives. Evaluation and Research in Education 21, no. 2: 111-133. • Thompson, I., and J. Rubin. 1996. Can strategy instruction improve listening comprehension? Foreign Language Annals 29, no. 3: 331-42. • Tsui, A.B.M., and J. Fullilove. 1998. Bottom-up or top-down processing as a discriminator of L2 listening performance. Applied Linguistics 19, no. 4: 432-51. • Vandergrift, L. 1997. The comprehension strategies of second language (French) listeners: A descriptive study. Foreign Language Annals 30, no. 3: 387-409. • Vandergrift, L. 1998. La métacognition et la compréhension auditive en langue seconde. Canadian Journal of Applied Linguistics 1: 83-105. • Vandergrift, L. 2003. Orchestrating strategy use: Toward a model of the skilled second language listener. Language Learning 53, no. 3: 463-96. • Vanderplank, R. 1988. Implications of differences in native and non-native speaker approaches to listening. British Journal of Language Teaching (formerly Audio-Visual Language Journal) 26, no. 1: 32-41. • White, C., K. Schramm, and A.U. Chamot. 2007. Research methodology in language learner strategies. In Language learner Ssrategies: 30 years of research and practice, ed. A.D. Cohen and E. Macaro, 93-116. Oxford: Oxford University Press. • Wolvin, A., and C.G. Coakley. 1996. Listening. 5th ed. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill. • Y’ian, W. 1998. What do tests of listening comprehension test? - A retrospection study of EFL test-takers performing a multiple-choice task. Language Testing 15, no. 1: 21-44.
Repository Staff Only: item control page