The Effects of Stratification on Flow Separation
Ambaum, M. H. P. and Marshall, D. P. (2005) The Effects of Stratification on Flow Separation. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 62 (7). pp. 2618-2625. ISSN 1520-0469
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1175/jas3485.1
Separation of stratified flow over a two-dimensional hill is inhibited or facilitated by acceleration or deceleration of the flow just outside the attached boundary layer. In this note, an expression is derived for this acceleration or deceleration in terms of streamline curvature and stratification. The expression is valid for linear as well as nonlinear deformation of the flow. For hills of vanishing aspect ratio a linear theory can be derived and a full regime diagram for separation can be constructed. For hills of finite aspect ratio scaling relationships can be derived that indicate the presence of a critical aspect ratio, proportional to the stratification, above which separation will occur as well as a second critical aspect ratio above which separation will always occur irrespective of stratification.