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The response of the Southern Hemispheric eddy-driven jet to future changes in shortwave radiation in CMIP5

Ceppi, P., Zelinka, M. D. and Hartmann, D. L. (2014) The response of the Southern Hemispheric eddy-driven jet to future changes in shortwave radiation in CMIP5. Geophysical Research Letters, 41 (9). pp. 3244-3250. ISSN 0094-8276

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1002/2014GL060043

Abstract/Summary

A strong relationship is found between changes in the meridional gradient of absorbed shortwave radiation (ASR) and Southern Hemispheric jet shifts in 21st century climate simulations of CMIP5 (Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5) coupled models. The relationship is such that models with increases in the meridional ASR gradient around the southern midlatitudes, and therefore increases in midlatitude baroclinicity, tend to produce a larger poleward jet shift. The ASR changes are shown to be dominated by changes in cloud properties, with sea ice declines playing a secondary role. We demonstrate that the ASR changes are the cause, and not the result, of the intermodel differences in jet response by comparing coupled simulations with experiments in which sea surface temperature increases are prescribed. Our results highlight the importance of reducing the uncertainty in cloud feedbacks in order to constrain future circulation changes.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:No Reading authors. Back catalogue items
Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:46113
Publisher:American Geophysical Union

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