Ambaum MHP, Marshall DP. 2005. The effects of stratification on flow separation. J. Atmos. Sci. 62: 2618–2625.
Baines PG. 1998. Topographic effects in stratified flows. Cambridge University Press.
Bauer MH, Mayr GJ, Vergeiner I, Pichler H. 2000. Strongly nonlinear flow over and around a three-dimensional mountain as a function of the horizontal aspect ratio. J. Atmos. Sci. 57: 3971–3991.
Broad AS. 1995. Linear theory of momentum fluxes in 3-d flows with turning of the mean wind with height. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 121: 1891–1902.
Businger JA. 1969. Note on the critical richardson number(s). Q. J. R.
Meteorol. Soc. 95: 653–654.
Clark TL, Peltier WR. 1984. Critical level reflection and the resonant growth of nonlinear mountain waves. J. Atmos. Sci. 41: 3122–3134.
Doyle J, Jiang Q. 2006. Observations and numerical simulations of mountain waves in the presence of directional wind shear. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 132:
1877–1905.
Doyle JD. 2004. Evaluation of topographic flow simulations from coamps and wrf. In: 20th Conference on Weather Analysis and Forecasting/16th Conference on Numerical Weather Prediction.
Eliassen A, Palm E. 1960. On the transfer of energy in stationary mountain waves. Geofys. Publ. 22: 1–23.
Grubi˘si´c V, Smolarkiewicz PK. 1997. The effect of critical levels on 3d orographic flows: linear regime. J. Atmos. Sci. 54: 1943–1960.
Hahn DC. 2007. Evaluation of wrf performance for depicting orographicallyinduced gravity waves in the stratosphere. Technical report, DTIC Document.
Hines CO. 1971. Generalizations of the richardson criterion for the onset of atmospheric turbulence. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 97: 429–439.
Holton JR, Hakim GJ. 2012. An introduction to dynamic meteorology. Academic press.
Jiang Q, Doyle JD. 2008. On the diurnal variation of mountain waves. J. Atmos. Sci. 65: 1360–1377.
Knight H, Broutman D, Eckermann SD. 2015. Integral expressions for mountain wave steepness. Wave Motion 56: 1–13.
Laprise R, Peltier WR. 1989. On the structural characteristics of steady finiteamplitude mountain waves over bell-shaped topography. J. Atmos. Sci. 46: 586–595.
Lilly DK. 1978. A severe downslope windstorm and aircraft turbulence event induced by a mountain wave. J. Atmos. Sci. 35: 59–77.
Lilly DK, Kennedy PJ. 1973. Observations of a stationary mountain wave and its associated momentum flux and energy dissipation. J. Atmos. Sci. 30: 1135–1152.
Lin YL. 2007. Mesoscale dynamics. Cambridge University Press.
Lindzen RS, Tung KK. 1976. Banded convective activity and ducted gravity waves. Mon. Wea. Rev. 104: 1602–1617.
Long RR. 1953. Some aspects of the flow of stratified fluids: I. a theoretical investigation. Tellus 5: 42–58.
Lott F, Miller MJ. 1997. A new subgrid-scale orographic drag parametrization: Its formulation and testing. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 127: 101–127.
Mahalov A, Moustaoui M, Nicolaenko B. 2009. Three- dimensional instabilities in non-parallel shear stratified flows. Kinetic and Related Models 2: 215–229.
McFarlane NA. 1987. The effect of orographically excited gravity wave drag on the general circulation of the lower stratosphere and troposphere. J. Atmos. Sci. 44: 1775–1800.
Miles JW. 1961. On the stability of heterogeneous shear flows. J. Fluid Mech. 10: 496–508.
Miles JW, Huppert HE. 1969. Lee waves in a stratified flow. part 4. perturbation approximations. J. Fluid Mech. 35: 497–525.
Miranda PMA, James IN. 1992. Non-linear three-dimensional effects on gravity-wave drag: Splitting flow and breaking waves. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 118: 1057–1081.
Nappo CJ. 2012. An introduction to atmospheric gravity waves, 2nd ed. Academic Press.
O´ lafsson H, Bougeault P. 1997. The effect of rotation and surface friction on orographic drag. J. Atmos. Sci. 54: 193–210.
Peng MS, Thompson WT. 2003. Some aspects of the effect of surface friction on flows over mountains. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 129: 2527–2557.
Sharman RD, Doyle JD, Shapiro MA. 2012a. An investigation of a commercial aircraft encounter with severe clear-air turbulence over western greenland. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol. 51: 42–53.
Sharman RD, Trier SB, Lane TP, Doyle JD. 2012b. Sources and dynamics of turbulence in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere: A review. Geophys. Res. Lett. 39: L12 803.
Shutts G. 1995. Gravity-wave drag parametrization over complex terrain: The effect of critical-level absorption in directional wind-shear. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 121: 1005–1021.
Shutts GJ. 1998. Stationary gravity-wave structure in flows with directional wind shear. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 124: 1421–1442.
Shutts GJ, Gadian A. 1999. Numerical simulations of orographic gravity waves in flows which back with height. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 125: 2743– 2765.
Skamarock WC, Klemp JB, Dudhia J, Gill DO, Barker DM, Wang W, Powers JG. 2005. A description of the advanced research wrf version 2. Technical report, DTIC Document.
Smith RB. 1980. Linear theory of stratified hydrostatic flow past an isolated mountain. Tellus 32: 348–364.
Smith RB. 1989. Mountain-induced stagnation points in hydrostatic flow. Tellus 41A: 270–274.
Smolarkiewicz PK, Rotunno R. 1989. Low froude number flow past three dimensional obstacles. part 1: Baroclinically generated lee vortices. J. Atmos. Sci 46: 1154–1164.
Teixeira MAC, Miranda PMA. 2009. On the momentum fluxes associated with mountain waves in directionally sheared flows. J. Atmos. Sci. 66: 3419–3433.
Teixeira MAC, Miranda PMA, Valente MA. 2004. An analytical model of mountain wave drag for wind profiles withshear and curvature. J. Atmos. Sci. 61: 1040–1054.
Teixeira MAC, Yu CL. 2014. The gravity wave momentum flux in hydrostatic flow with directional shear over elliptical mountains. Eur. J. Mech. B - Fluids 47: 16–31.
Turner JS. 1973. Buoyancy effects in fluids. Cambridge University Press.
Xu X, Wang Y, Xue M. 2012. Momentum flux and flux divergence of gravity waves in directional shear flows over three-dimensional mountains. J. Atmos. Sci. 69: 3733–3744.
Xu X, Xue M, Wang Y. 2013. Gravity wave momentum flux in directional shear flows over three-dimensional mountains: Linear and nonlinear numerical solutions as compared to linear analytical solutions. J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. 118: 7670–7681.