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Response formulae for n-point correlations in statistical mechanical systems and application to a problem of coarse graining

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Lucarini, V. and Wouters, J. (2017) Response formulae for n-point correlations in statistical mechanical systems and application to a problem of coarse graining. Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical, 50 (35). 355003. ISSN 1751-8113

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1088/1751-8121/aa812c

Abstract/Summary

Predicting the response of a system to perturbations is a key challenge in mathematical and natural sciences. Under suitable conditions on the nature of the system, of the perturbation, and of the observables of interest, response theories allow to construct operators describing the smooth change of the invariant measure of the system of interest as a function of the small parameter controlling the intensity of the perturbation. In particular, response theories can be developed both for stochastic and chaotic deterministic dynamical systems, where in the latter case stricter conditions imposing some degree of structural stability are required. In this paper we extend previous findings and derive general response formulae describing how n-point correlations are affected by perturbations to the vector flow. We also show how to compute the response of the spectral properties of the system to perturbations. We then apply our results to the seemingly unrelated problem of coarse graining in multiscale systems: we find explicit formulae describing the change in the terms describing parameterisation of the neglected degrees of freedom resulting from applying perturbations to the full system. All the terms envisioned by the Mori-Zwanzig theory - the deterministic, stochastic, and non-Markovian terms - are affected at 1st order in the perturbation. The obtained results provide a more comprehesive understanding of the response of statistical mechanical systems to perturbations and contribute to the goal of constructing accurate and robust parameterisations and are of potential relevance for fields like molecular dynamics, condensed matter, and geophysical fluid dynamics. We envision possible applications of our general results to the study of the response of climate variability to anthropogenic and natural forcing and to the study of the equivalence of thermostatted statistical mechanical systems.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Walker Institute
Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Mathematics and Statistics
ID Code:71486
Publisher:IOP

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