Microwave spectra and centrifugal distortion constants of oxetane
Creswell, R. A. and Mills, I. (1974) Microwave spectra and centrifugal distortion constants of oxetane. Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy, 52 (3). pp. 392-412. ISSN 0022-2852
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/0022-2852(74)90188-X
The microwave spectra of oxetane (trimethylene oxide) and its three symmetrically deuterated isotopic species have been observed on a Hewlett-Packard microwave spectrometer from 26.5 to 40 GHz. For the parent species, the β-d2 and the αα′-d4 species, about 300 lines have been assigned for each molecule, and for the d6 species more than 600 lines have been assigned. The assignments range from v = 0 to v = 5 in the puckering vibration; although they are mostly Q transitions, either 3 or 4 R transitions have been observed for each vibrational state. The spectra have been interpreted using an effective rotational hamiltonian for each vibrational state, including five quartic distortion constants according to Watson's formulation, and a variable number of sextic distortion constants; in general, the lines are fitted to about ± 10 kHz. The distortion constants show an anomalous zig-zag dependence on the puckering vibrational quantum number, similar to that first observed for the rotational constants by Gwinn and coworkers. This is interpreted according to a simple modification of the standard theory of centrifugal distortion, involving the double minimum potential function in the puckering coordinate.