The calculation of force constants and normal coordinates III: constrained force fields for the methyl halides
Aldous, J. and Mills, I. (1963) The calculation of force constants and normal coordinates III: constrained force fields for the methyl halides. Spectrochimica Acta, 19 (9). pp. 1567-1584. ISSN 0371-1951
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/0371-1951(63)80016-8
A method is discussed for imposing any desired constraint on the force field obtained in a force constant refinement calculation. The application of this method to force constant refinement calculations for the methyl halide molecules is reported. All available data on the vibration frequencies, Coriolis interaction constants and centrifugal stretching constants of CH3X and CD3X molecules were used in the refinements, but despite this apparent abundance of data it was found that constraints were necessary in order to obtain a unique solution to the force field. The results of unconstrained calculations, and of three different constrained calculations, are reported in this paper. The constrained models reported are a Urey—Bradley force field, a modified valence force field, and a constraint based on orbital-following bond-hybridization arguments developed in the following paper. The results are discussed, and compared with previous results for these molecules. The third of the above models is found to reproduce the observed data better than either of the first two, and additional reasons are given for preferring this solution to the force field for the methyl halide molecules.