Time series analysis of lava flux
Odbert, H.M. and Wadge, G. (2009) Time series analysis of lava flux. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 188 (4). pp. 305-314. ISSN 0377-0273
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2009.09.005
We have applied time series analytical techniques to the flux of lava from an extrusive eruption. Tilt data acting as a proxy for flux are used in a case study of the May–August 1997 period of the eruption at Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat. We justify the use of such a proxy by simple calibratory arguments. Three techniques of time series analysis are employed: spectral, spectrogram and wavelet methods. In addition to the well-known ~9-hour periodicity shown by these data, a previously unknown periodic flux variability is revealed by the wavelet analysis as a 3-day cycle of frequency modulation during June–July 1997, though the physical mechanism responsible is not clear. Such time series analysis has potential for other lava flux proxies at other types of volcanoes.