A three-dimensional magnetometer for motion sensing of a balloon-carried atmospheric measurement package
Harrison, R.G., Rogers, G. and Hogan, R.J. (2007) A three-dimensional magnetometer for motion sensing of a balloon-carried atmospheric measurement package. Review of Scientific Instruments, 78 (12). p. 124501. ISSN 0034-6748
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An instrument is described which carries three orthogonal geomagnetic field sensors on a standard meteorological balloon package, to sense rapid motion and position changes during ascent through the atmosphere. Because of the finite data bandwidth available over the UHF radio link, a burst sampling strategy is adopted. Bursts of 9s of measurements at 3.6Hz are interleaved with periods of slow data telemetry lasting 25s. Calculation of the variability in each channel is used to determine position changes, a method robust to periods of poor radio signals. During three balloon ascents, variability was found repeatedly at similar altitudes, simultaneously in each of three orthogonal sensors carried. This variability is attributed to atmospheric motions. It is found that the vertical sensor is least prone to stray motions, and that the use of two horizontal sensors provides no additional information over a single horizontal sensor