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Predicting and preventing alcohol relapse in alcohol-related liver disease

Ranasinghe, I., Sin, J., Norman, I. and Lau-Walker, M. (2018) Predicting and preventing alcohol relapse in alcohol-related liver disease. British Journal of Nursing, 27 (4). pp. 190-196. ISSN 2052-2819

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To link to this item DOI: 10.12968/bjon.2018.27.4.190

Abstract/Summary

Background: despite a 450% increase in UK alcohol-related liver disease mortality over the past 30 years, little evidence-based guidance exists regarding preventing recidivism post-liver transplant for alcohol-related liver disease. Method: a systematic literature review was conducted to identify demographic variables predictive of alcohol relapse and effective psychosocial interventions for alcohol-related liver disease patients post-liver transplant. Results: variables most significantly predictive of alcohol relapse post-transplant were—less than 12 months pre-liver transplant abstinence; patients with children; poor pre-liver transplant psychosomatic evaluation; non-compliance with post-liver transplant treatment plan; and patients with active insurance policies. Structured management was the most effective psychosocial intervention in preventing alcohol relapse. Conclusion: findings should be interpreted cautiously, due to limited and poor-quality evidence. Rigorously designed further research of the psychosocial interventions targeting predictive demographic variables is recommended.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Psychopathology and Affective Neuroscience
ID Code:75691
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Nursing
Publisher:Mark Allen Group

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