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Modelling short-term maximum individual exposure from airborne hazardous releases in urban environments. Part ΙI: Validation of a deterministic model with wind tunnel experimental data

Efthimiou, G. C., Bartzis, J. G., Berbekar, E., Hertwig, D., Harms, F. and Leitl, B. (2015) Modelling short-term maximum individual exposure from airborne hazardous releases in urban environments. Part ΙI: Validation of a deterministic model with wind tunnel experimental data. Toxics, 3 (3). pp. 259-267. ISSN 2305-6304

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To link to this item DOI: 10.3390/toxics3030259

Abstract/Summary

The capability to predict short-term maximum individual exposure is very important for several applications including, for example, deliberate/accidental release of hazardous substances, odour fluctuations or material flammability level exceedance. Recently, authors have proposed a simple approach relating maximum individual exposure to parameters such as the fluctuation intensity and the concentration integral time scale. In the first part of this study (Part I), the methodology was validated against field measurements, which are governed by the natural variability of atmospheric boundary conditions. In Part II of this study, an in-depth validation of the approach is performed using reference data recorded under truly stationary and well documented flow conditions. For this reason, a boundary-layer wind-tunnel experiment was used. The experimental dataset includes 196 time-resolved concentration measurements which detect the dispersion from a continuous point source within an urban model of semi-idealized complexity. The data analysis allowed the improvement of an important model parameter. The model performed very well in predicting the maximum individual exposure, presenting a factor of two of observations equal to 95%. For large time intervals, an exponential correction term has been introduced in the model based on the experimental observations. The new model is capable of predicting all time intervals giving an overall factor of two of observations equal to 100%.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:No Reading authors. Back catalogue items
Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:76910
Publisher:MDPI

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