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Metal removal from soil leachates using DTPA-functionalised maghemite nanoparticles, a potential soil washing technology

Hughes, D. L., Afsar, A., Laventine, D. M., Shaw, E. J., Harwood, L. M. and Hodson, M. E. (2018) Metal removal from soil leachates using DTPA-functionalised maghemite nanoparticles, a potential soil washing technology. Chemosphere, 209. pp. 480-488. ISSN 1879-1298

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.06.121

Abstract/Summary

There is significant current interest in the application of magnetic (magnetite or maghemite) nanoparticles functionalised with chelating agents for the environmental remediation of metal contaminated waters and solutions. Whilst there is a body of knowledge about the potential remediation efficacy of such engineered nanoparticles from studies involving synthetic solutions of single metals, there is relatively little data involving mixed-metal solutions and virtually no studies about nanoparticle performance in chemically complex environmental solutions representing those to which a scaled-up nanoremediation process might eventually be applied. Therefore, we investigated the ability of diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA)-functionalised, silica-coated maghemite nanoparticles to extract potentially toxic (Cd, Co, Cu) and "non-toxic" (Ca, Mg) metals from solution (initial [metal] = 10 mg L ; pH range: 2-8) and to extract a wider range of elements (As, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mg, Na, Pb, Zn) from leachate obtained from 10 different contaminated soils with variable initial pH, (semi-)metal and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations. The functionalised nanoparticles could extract the potentially toxic metals with high efficiency (in general >70%) from single metal solutions and with efficiencies that were either unaffected or reduced from the soil leachates. K values remained high (>500 L kg ), even for the soil leachate extractions. Our findings show that DOC and relatively high concentrations of non-toxic elements do not necessarily reduce the efficiency of metal contaminant removal by DTPA-functionalised magnetic nanoparticles and thus demonstrate the remediation potential of such particles when added to chemically complex soil-derived contaminated solutions. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.]

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Department of Geography and Environmental Science
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:78056
Uncontrolled Keywords:Adsorption, DTPA, Metals, Nanoparticles, Remediation, Soil
Publisher:Elsevier

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