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A review of the financial impact of production diseases in poultry production systems

Jones, P. J., Niemi, J., Christensen, J.-P., Tranter, R. B. and Bennett, R. M. (2018) A review of the financial impact of production diseases in poultry production systems. Animal Production Science. ISSN 1836-0939

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1071/AN18281

Abstract/Summary

Whilst the academic literature widely asserts that production diseases have a significant financial impact on poultry production, these claims are rarely supported by empirical 17 evidence. There is a risk, therefore, that the information needs of poultry producers regarding the costs associated with particular diseases are not being adequately met. A systematic literature review of poultry production diseases was undertaken, first to scope the availability of studies that estimate the financial impacts of production diseases on poultry systems and second, based on these studies, estimates were generated of the magnitude of these impacts. Nine production diseases, selected by a panel of stakeholders as being economically important in the EU, were examined. The review found that the poultry disease literature has primarily an epidemiological focus, with very few publications providing estimates of the financial impacts of diseases. However, some publications quantified the physical impacts of production diseases and control interventions, e.g. using measures such as output volumes, mortality rates, bacteria counts, etc. Using these data in standard financial models, partial financial analyses were possible for some poultry production diseases. Coccidiosis and clostridiosis were found to be the most common production diseases in broiler flocks, with salpingoperitonitis the most common in layers. While the financial impact of untreated diseases varied, most uncontrolled diseases were estimated to make flocks loss-making. However, in all cases, interventions were available that signficantly reduced these losses. The review reinforces the concern that the available literature is not providing sufficient information for poultry producers to decide on financially-optimal disease prevention and treatment measures.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development > Economic and Social Sciences Division > Centre for Agricultural Strategy (CAS)
ID Code:78999
Publisher:CSIRO Publishing

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