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A role for diatom-like silicon transporters in calcifying coccolithophores

Durak, G. M., Taylor, A. R., Walker, C. E., Probert, I., de Vargas, C., Audic, S., Schroeder, D., Brownlee, C. and Wheeler, G. L. (2016) A role for diatom-like silicon transporters in calcifying coccolithophores. Nature Communications, 7. 10543. ISSN 2041-1723

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10543

Abstract/Summary

Biomineralization by marine phytoplankton, such as the silicifying diatoms and calcifying coccolithophores, plays an important role in carbon and nutrient cycling in the oceans. Silicification and calcification are distinct cellular processes with no known common mechanisms. It is thought that coccolithophores are able to outcompete diatoms in Si-depleted waters, which can contribute to the formation of coccolithophore blooms. Here we show that an expanded family of diatom-like silicon transporters (SITs) are present in both silicifying and calcifying haptophyte phytoplankton, including some globally important coccolithophores. Si is required for calcification in these coccolithophores, indicating that Si uptake contributes to the very different forms of biomineralization in diatoms and coccolithophores. Significantly, SITs and the requirement for Si are absent from highly abundant bloom-forming coccolithophores, such as Emiliania huxleyi. These very different requirements for Si in coccolithophores are likely to have major influence on their competitive interactions with diatoms and other siliceous phytoplankton.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
ID Code:79448
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group

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