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High-frequency bounds for the Helmholtz equation under parabolic trapping and applications in numerical analysis

Chandler-Wilde, S. N., Spence, E. A., Gibbs, A. and Smyshlyaev, V. P. (2020) High-frequency bounds for the Helmholtz equation under parabolic trapping and applications in numerical analysis. SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis (SIMA), 52 (1). pp. 845-893. ISSN 0036-1410

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1137/18M1234916

Abstract/Summary

This paper is concerned with resolvent estimates on the real axis for the Helmholtz equation posed in the exterior of a bounded obstacle with Dirichlet boundary conditions when the obstacle is \emph{trapping}. There are two resolvent estimates for this situation currently in the literature: (i) in the case of {\em elliptic trapping} the general ``worst case'' bound of exponential growth applies, and examples show that this growth can be realised through some sequence of wavenumbers; (ii) in the prototypical case of {\em hyperbolic trapping} where the Helmholtz equation is posed in the exterior of two strictly convex obstacles (or several obstacles with additional constraints) the nontrapping resolvent estimate holds with a logarithmic loss. This paper proves the first resolvent estimate for {\em parabolic trapping} by obstacles, studying a class of obstacles the prototypical example of which is the exterior of two squares (in 2-d), or two cubes (in 3-d), whose sides are parallel. We show, via developments of the vector-field/multiplier argument of Morawetz and the first application of this methodology to trapping configurations, that a resolvent estimate holds with a polynomial loss over the nontrapping estimate. We use this bound, along with the other trapping resolvent estimates, to prove results about integral-equation formulations of the boundary value problem in the case of trapping. Feeding these bounds into existing frameworks for analysing finite and boundary element methods, we obtain the first wavenumber-explicit proofs of convergence for numerical methods for solving the Helmholtz equation in the exterior of a trapping obstacle.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Mathematics and Statistics
ID Code:81567
Publisher:Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics

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