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The influence of advertisement boards, street and source layouts on CO dispersion and building intake fraction in three-dimensional urban-like models

Lin, Y., Chen, G., Chen, T., Luo, Z., Yuan, C., Gao, P. and Hang, J. (2019) The influence of advertisement boards, street and source layouts on CO dispersion and building intake fraction in three-dimensional urban-like models. Building and Environment, 150. pp. 297-321. ISSN 0360-1323

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2019.01.012

Abstract/Summary

Heavy traffic flows commonly result in large vehicular pollutant exposure in near-road buildings. Street layouts and pollutant source settings are key factors. Advertisement boards are sometimes adopted for business purpose, but their impacts on pollutant dispersion and exposure are still unclear. Thus, this paper numerically investigates the influence of aspect ratios (building height/street width, H/Ws=1 or 2; *Revised Manuscript with No Changes Marked Click here to view linked References H=30m), source locations and advertisement-board settings on the flow, carbon monoxide (CO) dispersion and exposure within three-dimensional urban-like models under the parallel approaching wind to the main streets. Personal intake fraction (P_iF) represents the fraction of total vehicular emissions inhaled averagely by each person of a population. Spatial mean P_iF is named as and that for the entire building as building intake fraction (B). With span-wise CO source fixed in target secondary streets of No 2 or 13 (S2 or S13), is particularly large in target streets. B decreases exponentially toward downstream from the target street and S13 cases attain greater B and larger exponential decreasing rates. Cases with H/Ws=2 experiences more limited upward dispersion and subsequently smaller (0.155-0.339ppm) of entire target street than cases with H/Ws=1 (0.375-0.731ppm). For cases with stream-wise CO source along the main street (Smain), B first rises quickly toward downstream, then adjusts to equilibrium values (0.051-0.063ppm). Finally, with span-wise source, vertical and double-layer advertisement boards produce stronger upward CO transportation and greater B than lateral and single-layer types, while with Smain source, the double-layer and lateral types produce larger B and shorter exposure adjustment distance.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:No
Divisions:Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Walker Institute
Faculty of Science > School of the Built Environment > Construction Management and Engineering > Innovative and Sustainable Technologies
ID Code:81577
Publisher:Elsevier

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